Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2018, Page: 126-131
Investigating the Causes of Students’ Less Academic Performance in Engineering College of Debre Berhan University
Hiluf Reda, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Getahun Mulugeta, Department of Statistics, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Received: Mar. 22, 2018;       Accepted: Apr. 8, 2018;       Published: Apr. 28, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20180703.15      View  1646      Downloads  170
Student success is a critical issue facing higher education today. Schools, colleges and universities have no worth without students. Students are most essential asset for any educational institute. Less academic performance of students in universities especially in engineering colleges and its ripple effects are looming dangers for Ethiopia. The main purpose of this research is to identify and examine factors that affect students’ academic performance at DBU College of engineering. To achieve this objective a sample of 263 students have taken and self-administered questionnaires were distributed through the selected respondents. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed. From the descriptive result of the study it has shown that the average CGPA of engineering student is 2.93 with minimum of 2.00 and maximum of 3.96. From multiple linear regression result it is evident that student interest, study habit and previous background factors have a significant effect on the academic performance of students. From the result of the study it is concluded that assigning departments based on the interest of students, effective study habit and good previous background enhances the performance of engineering students. And it is recommended that Orientation and special training should be given for fresh students about effective study habit at the very beginning of the academic year, a continuous and strategic work should be done on students at the lower grades in line with engineering departments in the university, assigning of departments should be conducted based on the interest of students and finally this research should be implemented as project work to enhance the performance of engineering students.
Engineering Students, Academic Performance, Multiple Linear Regression, Debre Berhan University
To cite this article
Hiluf Reda, Getahun Mulugeta, Investigating the Causes of Students’ Less Academic Performance in Engineering College of Debre Berhan University, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2018, pp. 126-131. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20180703.15
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Victor Mlambo “An analysis of some factors affecting student academic performance in an introductory biochemistry course at the University of the West Indies”, Caribbean Teaching Scholar, Vol. 1, No. 2, November 2011, 79–92.
Syed Tahir Hijazi1 and S. M. M. Raza Naqvi2, “Factors affecting students’ performance” Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 3. Number 1. January 2006.
Norhidayah Ali1, et al. “The Factors Influencing Students’ Performance at University Technology MARA Kedah, Malaysia”, Management Science and Engineering Vol. 3 No. 4 2009.
Barbra Mapuranga, et al., “Students Perceptions on Factors that affect their Academic Performance: The Case of Great Zimbabwe University (GZU)”, Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 6, No. 18, 2015.
Irfan Mushtaq & Shabana Nawaz Khan, “Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Performance”, Global Journal of Management and Business Research, Volume 12 Issue 9 Version 1.0 June 2012.
Elisa Rose Birch and Paul W. Miller, “The Determinants of Students’ Tertiary Academic Success”, University of Western Australia, June 2005.
Llie G. and. Ciocoiu C. N., “Application of fishbone diagram to determine the risk of an event with multiple causes”, MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND PRACTICE Vol. 2 Issue 1, 2010.
DHS (2005) Demographic and Health Survey. Central Statistical Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Hans F. M. Crombag, “On defining quality of education”, Educational Research Center, University of Leyden, The Netherlands, Higher Education, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Nov., 1978)
Hosmer, D. W and Lemeshow, S., 1989. Applied logistic regression. 2nd Edition John Wiley and Sons, Inc; New York.
Emmanuel Adjei Frimpong, et al., “Institutional Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Polytechnic Students in Ghana” International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies (IJHSSS), Volume-II, Issue-V, March 2016.
Agharuwhe A. Akiri, “Effects of Teachers’ Effectiveness on Students’ Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools; Delta State - Nigeria”, Journal of Educational and Social Research, MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy, Vol. 3 No. 3 September 2013.
Dhani. Shanker Chaubey, et al., “Analysis of the Factors Influencing Academic Performance of Student Using Discriminant Function”, International Journal of Engineering and Management ResearchVolume-6, Issue-3, May-June 2016.
Geremew Muleta et al., “Factors that Influences Students Academic Performance: A Case of Rift Valley University, Jimma, Ethiopia”, Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 6, No. 22, 2015.
Browse journals by subject